In 1968, the long-standing workhorse chronograph movement of the SSIH, the Lemania CH27 C12 (Omega 321), was discontinued.
It was replaced with the Lemania 1873, which became the famous Omega 861 “Moon” movement. Sic transit gloria, if I may say so.
Obviously, its later Moonwatch movement fame was somewhat undeserved, as that title goes to the 105.012 and its cal. 321.
It was constructed on pretty much the same baseplate, only the column wheel was replaced with a cam-switching mechanism. Less costly to produce and easier to service. Omega still uses it until this day (as the cal. 1861, with an additional jewel and rhodium finishing).
The introduction of a new chronograph movement meant something of a revolution for the Speedmaster.
Pre-Moon or Moon
While some people – for whatever reason – think that it’s the movement that sets apart the pre-Moons from the Moonwatches, it’s a completely erroneous notion.
Why? Because the 145.022-68 and the -69 were technically pre-Moon. That’s defined by the absence or presence of the Moon/NASA-themed inscription on the case back.
There were -69 “Moonwatches” though. After the Apollo XI mission and the Moon landing, the new batches of -69 cases were engraved with the “straight writing” (as opposed to the later radial one) commemorative inscription and did not feature the Speedmaster name and hippocampus logo.
145.022-68: The Transitional Model
In a lot of ways, the 145.022-68 is not that different from the 145.012-68, the last cal.321-powered Speedmaster.
Just like the previous lyre lug asymmetric models (and as the later -69 as well), Huguenin Freres and Centrale Boites (CB) supplied the cases. They also featured the same differences between the two – sharper edges on the CBs, softer on the HFs.
The case design is identical to that of the 145.012. The step dial’s the same, same hands (including two different designs for the chrono hand. The spear and the new design with a square-end counterweight were used within the same reference).
I’ve heard people shouting about frankenising and replaced hands when seeing the transitional model equipped with the spear chrono hand. That confusion comes mostly from “experts” perpetuating myths by scolding people off in Speedmaster authentication threads in the forums.
For the sake of clarity, Omega used both types of the chrono hand in the 145.012-68 and 145.022-68.
That said, if someone gives you an earful of the “spear for the .012, square for the .022” sort, worry not. You’re right, they’re wrong. If the lume is evenly aged throughout all the plots, you can be fairly sure that it’s OK.
The “transitional” model was the last to have an applied Omega logo on the dial. If you see an -68 with a painted logo, run away because it’s a service dial.
While the Omega service centre often replaced the dial, it heavily detracts from the value of the somewhat uncommon -68, as that dial is an absolutely key feature of the reference. It’s the star of the show, if I may say so.
Like the 145.012 and 145.022-69, the “transitional” -68 is equipped with the DON (Dot Over Ninety) bezel.
Incorrect DNN bezel? Not a very good idea…unless you want to first overpay, and then spend more than a grand for a replacement DON bezel. Although if the watch is priced considerably lower (not even near a DON bezel -68), it isn’t necessarily a problem, if you don’t mind that.
Also, make sure that the serial is within the 26XXXXXX-27XXXXXX range.
Prices for the -68 start with circa $4,000 and end on $10,000 for specimens with all the original bits, and in a really good condition.
In 1969, the departure from the features of the earlier pre-Moons was somewhat cemented by the changes done to the reference 145.022 (in relation to the -68 “transitional”).
The case and the DON bezel remained the same. “Straight writing” specimens and ones made at the end of the production period have apparently been equipped with the DNN bezel.
The dial had some theoretically small changes done to it.
It’s still a “step” dial alright, but it features short hour markers not obscuring the chapter ring (which was also a feature of the service dials made circa 1969/1970 for other pre-Moon references), and the applied metal logo has been dropped in favour of a painted one.
Unlike the transitional -68, the -69 features only the square-end chrono hand.
Concerning the date of 1969 for this reference, it’s somewhat confusing because the first batches of the -69 were supposedly made at the end of 1968, and the last – theoretically in 1970, however, some -69s were allegedly assembled as late as 1971!
Beware of frankenwatches.
Make sure, that the serial is in the 2842 0XXX – 3162 9XXX range. If it isn’t, then spending your hard-earned money on it isn’t – to put it mildly – the best of ideas. Unless the watch comes with an extract of the archives which proves that this particular movement belongs in this case.
Prices for different -69s vary. Specimens with DON bezels are priced anywhere between $3000 and $10,000, DNNs between $2500 and $6000. The “straight writing” Moonwatches cost between $3000 and $7000.
The pre-Moon 145.022 seems to be a somewhat more affordable (well, accessible, rather than affordable) alternative to the 105.012 and 145.012.
It’s still a pre-Moon (should that matter so much – to some it matters more, to some it matters less). It doesn’t have all the NASA writing on the back and is, therefore, closer to the original purpose of the watch as a driving/racing/tool chronograph.
This purpose goes nicely with the dial’s resemblance of a sports car’s dashboard instruments.
If you’re looking for a collectible Speedmaster, don’t want to pay the obscenely high prices for any of the vast majority of cal. 321 pre-Moons, and prefer to go with the cal. 861 (or at least don’t mind it not being a 321), the 145.022-68 or -69 is the way to go.
In the current vintage Speedmaster market and the recent increase of prices, they remain a fairly reasonable choice.