So, you’ve bought a watch with a sapphire crystal. You’ve knocked it accidentally against a wall, a door frame, whatever. And, it’s scratched. But how could this have happened?! It’s sapphire; it’s scratchproof! Why are there scratches on it?
A word or two about sapphire crystal
Watch crystals are made of synthetic sapphire. In terms of the structure, it’s almost identical to natural sapphire. It’s still the same crystalline form of aluminum oxide. Aluminum oxide’s crystalline state, called corundum, exists in various forms. One of these forms is ruby.
The main property of this substance in this state is its unusual hardness. It’s a 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness. For comparison, a diamond is a 10, which is why it’s said that sapphire can only be scratched with a diamond. Rubies are used for bearings in the movement, although sapphires since they also are very resistant to wear and tear, were also used as bearing jewels. If you ever find a blue jewel in any movement, that’s a sapphire.
So, it’s very scratch-resistant. Scratchproof, almost. So why’s that scratch there?
It’s not the sapphire that got scratched
Your watch most likely has a crystal with an anti-reflective coating (AR coating) on the outside or both sides of it. At certain angles, you’ll certainly see the purple-ish or blue tint to the crystal. That’s the AR coating.
A bare sapphire crystal tends to reflect light strongly. In certain lighting conditions and at some angles, this reduces the legibility of the dial.
The problem is that manufacturers often settle for using an AR coating on the outside or both sides, for maximum effect. This improves legibility. However, since an AR coating isn’t tough, let alone scratch-resistant, it’ll develop some wear and tear over time.
So, when you knocked your watch against something, the scratch that appeared isn’t in the sapphire. It’s in the AR coating layer. Sapphire can certainly chip at an impact. It might be hard to scratch, but it’s still brittle.
What to do now?
Well, either you can get that polished, or replace the crystal. The cost of a replacement could be high, depending on the brand. It’s not as simple as replacing a round acrylic or hesalite crystal.
Polishing, on the other hand, will remove the AR coating. This will affect the legibility, but no more ARC means no more scratches.
When buying a watch, carefully look at the technical description. Manufacturers usually provide info about whether the AR coating was used on both sides, or just on the inside. If you feel like you can sacrifice a tiny bit of legibility in favor of resistance to scratches, choose a watch with an AR coating on the inside of the crystal. Otherwise, you’ll need to be careful. Maybe not as cautious as with acrylic or hesalite, but still.
Did you ever have scratches on a sapphire crystal? Let me know in the comments below.
9 thoughts on “FAQ: Why Are There Scratches on My Sapphire Crystal?”
One thing that I tried and works well is to use ceramic coating they sell for cars- I used the Armoshield IX on my sapphire, but there are others. It forms a very thin layer of transparent metallic oxide that seems to fill in the (tiny hairline) scratcher in the AR coating reallty well. I would say 95% improvement.Instead of being annoying, you have to really be looking for them with a loupe now to detect them.
Great! Thanks for the tip.
I have one sapphire with scratch and I am looking for safe and efficient diamond paste, someone can propose?
Just get it polished, from any certified watch agent, this is if the crystal is not scratched . All Omega now is both side AR coated and rolex is starting the same on some models ONLY.
Thanks for the insight, Amis. That sounds like a good idea.
If it’s a Rolex watch, how will I know if I can get it polish or must replace the watch screen
Most Rolex models don’t have AR coating so you can get it polished.
Great article as always. Certainly helped me understand why in certain light/angles one of my watches looks like it’s got misty glass. I suppose having AR re-applied would be restrictive.
I haven’t heard of re-applying it. The best way would be to have a new crystal fitted with an AR coating.
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